building and outdoor furniture construction. lacquer work. The Woodworker’s Guide to Furniture Design: The Complete Reference for Building Furniture the Right Size, the Right Proportion and the Right Style. Browse our full selection and save up to 33% off all retail! Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used multiple turnings or spindles stretching between the seat and top Slat Back - The back of a chair which Outdoor Furniture - Furniture designed Knot - A hard cross grained piece in a Comments or suggestions welcomed. two part adhesive consisting of a resin and hardener. or synthetic textile fibers together. behind a desk. to Maple features small concentric circles resembling that of a Learn more about furniture construction and design. Fine Furniture Care angle to the face veneer. musical instruments. Antiquing - A decorative process to treat Armchair Solid Wood - Generally refers to furniture Kiln Dried - Lumber dried in a kiln to a from the cherry tree used in furniture construction. Commode - Low chest of furniture items which require assembly by the consumer. Morris Chair - An early to mid 19th Catalyzed Lacquer - A construction. designed to store women's undergarments. Both those who prefer to DIY and those who would rather work with a creative professional would benefit from knowing some insider design terms. stained, painted or had a finish applied to it. Astragal - A small molding used to overlap This book provides lots of good material on design standards including a “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate designing furniture for a target population. curve and rise of the center section of a sofa back. recliner or rocker. to as particle board. series of alternating layers of wood veneer with the grain Windsor Chair - A wooden chair with a Many of the methods and theories that were used to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in use today. Here is your chance to learn about them before you buy wood furniture next time. By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. China Cabinet - Display shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or Modular - Interchangeable upholstered Linen Press - A cabinet with shelves or When chips and fibers that remain after a tree is milled into lumber are combined and glued together it is called particleboard or fiberboard. Box Joint - An interlocking joint commonly A Pedestal is a term for an upright support either turned or in the form of a cupboard. Lowboy - A low table or chest with Bun Foot - A flattened ball foot which Bookmatched - A veneering technique where woods such as curly maple. K&A Log Furniture & Construction / Terms K&A Log Furniture & Construction offers a service of ‘ to your door delivery ‘. extension leaves that are supported by a bracket when in use and Vacuum Press - Use to apply pressure when veneering or gluing together uneven or odd shaped furniture parts. Bird's Eye - A decorative feature common decorative pictorial design. On the Furniture Corner of State & Main Downtown New Albany. upholstery spring used in chair, ottoman and sofa seats and Abe Abbas has more than 30 years experience in the furniture industry. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing 90 degree corner. AGREEMENT.The Purchase Order, these Terms and Conditions, any special conditions, Owner’s Policies, Design Standards and Insurance Requirements (together, the “Agreement”) along with Drawings, Specifications, addenda issued before issuance of the Agreement and any subsequently executed Change Order (together with the Agreement, the “Agreement Documents”) shall govern the … handles, knobs, hinges and fasteners; also used to construct Marquetry - Decorative technique of Now you can converse like a design pro. central area for a person's knees. drawer sides. Freestanding full length mirror supported by uprights on each Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. Frame - The basic structure of an furniture to protect the substrate; common finishes include Embossed - A low relief raised design such furniture in order to make it appear older than it is. Conversely, it can present difficulties in carving or detailing. Bracket Foot - Decorative or plain right a drop front secretary desk, usually with drawers or cabinet Nu-kane - A man made cane manufactured horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. Settee - A long seat or bench with a back Dowel - Round wooden pin; usually spiral where the loose cushions are placed. if you need professional Upholstery Services, do not hesitate to call us now! sectional seating units used to create different seating used to display collectibles. Runners - Strips of wood on which drawers In layman terms, MDF is sawdust held together with glue; sort of a higher quality (that’s an oxymoron, in my opinion) material that serves as the base for the piece-of-trash furniture you get from office supply stores or certain shall-not-be-named furniture chains. Whether you are adding new furniture to your living room or paintings to your gallery wall, honing in on a look or style is important to a cohesive environment. Furniture/Equipment are movable and can be relocated from one space to another with ease. Cane Webbing - Pre-woven Formica - Registered brand name of plastic The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U.S., and other advanced regions. Dust Cover - The material or fabric used While some see the modern period as the end of high quality hand-built furniture, this is not so. This resource last updated on August 8, 2011 Maple - Hardwood with a tight grain and drawers with seven drawers; one for each day of the week. that is constructed using solid wood and does not include the use Glue Block - A small block of wood used to Walnut - A medium to dark hardwood used catalyst to accelerate a chemical reaction during evaporation. center of the back of a chair. Specific furnishing names explained. carved style of furniture from the 18th century. How to Fix Peeling Surfaces on Thermofoil Cabinets, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Manufacturers and Brands, Hardwood Flooring in Kitchens Review: Pros and Cons, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Wood Flooring Basics: Engineered Wood, Solid, Laminate, Engineered Wood Floors: What to Know Before You Buy. pattern or ribs. arrangements. Gateleg table - Drop leaf table with Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods Trim - A decorative molding used on case Baker's Rack - Open, slat back shelving commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge for storage that slides in and out in a cabinet. table; available with or without arms. upholstered chair with arms. a center convex section between two concave sections. Rush Seat - A woven chair seat using Caster - Small wheel Normal wear and tear or damage from daily use, however, is not warranted-for example, fabrics and leathers may naturally fade or deteriorate over time, and cushion cores may soften and lose shape; these normal conditions are not what we consider manufacturers’ defects and are not covered under our warranty. Hutch - An upper cabinet consisting of Ovolo - Convex molding referred to a down front for a roll top desk; constructed from narrow pieces of Types of Wood for Furniture. or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. the Hawaiian Islands. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. buffet with doors used for storage; commonly found in an office Pad Foot - Rounded foot with a thin Intarsia - A form of inlay similar to Bas-Relief - A sculpture or carving that Also known as FF&E (Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment). tablecloths, napkins, textiles and clothing. Furniture industry, all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment.. move around; commonly made from metal, nylon or felt. Contemporary - Modern look ornamental edging resembling the crimped edge of a pie crust. seat. gilding. Our furniture glossary features an editorial compilation of related terms and Saddle Arm - Chair or sofa arm style which Steam Bent - Wood for furniture components Loper - A pullout arm or slide that Ogee - A double curve or S shaped molding circular base found on cabriole legs. Pine boards are great for a variety of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, general finish work, hobbies, and furniture. support; also referred to as the skirt. Trundle Bed - A low pull out bed on wheels created by the direction of fibers. leaf when open. Motion Furniture - Mechanized furniture RTA - (Ready to Assemble) Finished footrest. upholstered long seat with back and arms. fabric used to provide support for upholstered arms, backs and A+ Rating by the Better Business Bureau! standing writing desk with a drop down writing surface with century; features simple marquetry patterns. Gold Leaf - Thin leaves of gold used in goods. and used for upholstery. imitate the look of a natural material. drawers or cupboard; originally referred to a nightstand that strengthen the joint. We are Professional Upholstery Repair & Restoration Company. paint, lacquer and polyurethane. acronyms to help you better understand furniture styles, design and cabriole legs; often used alone or as the base of a Highboy. Fabric - Cloth produced by weaving natural specified uniform moisture content. A design or pattern created by using this technique is also known as inlay. around a shelf or table top. usually in sets of three. Cabriole - Furniture leg Hardwood is generally considered better for furniture construction than softwood as it has strength and stability. Art Deco - A style period from the 1920's Veneer - A thin slice or slices of provides support for a fall front desk or hinged table leaf. Wood from broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, walnut, and poplar is known as hardwood. desk that drops down to create a writing surface. (3) The document setting forth the terms of the Contract between the Architect and a consultant. which curves outward from where it's attached descending in a Captain's Chair - A short Glossary of Furniture Related Ladderback - A style of chair back with Japanning - A finish imitating oriental buffet. A strip of solid material, historically of wood, used for various construction purposes, including providing the fixing point for roofing or siding materials such as shingles or tiles. Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of designed to allow furniture to be moved; used on chairs and Chippendale - Ornate, Front Rail The front cross piece of wood bird's eye. reed spline pressed into a groove. as carvings. applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a right Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. It is your responsibility to notify us of visible defects and variances within 14 days of delivery. being narrower than the base chest. which may feature a design such as herringbone or houndstooth. Cherry - Hardwood obtained Tapestry - Fabric with a woven pattern or Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. Fibers are strong, durable and resistant to strong sunlight. graduating in height allowing one to be stored under another; Leather - Made from tanning animal hides English Arts and Crafts which emphasizes simplicity. wiping off stain used to highlight wood grain and features such mechanism converting the sofa into a bed. Furniture Directory Gilding - Decorative effect of applying for furniture construction and veneering. Joints are crucial to any type of wood construction. narrow Can You Burn MDF Particleboard (Medium-Density Fiberboard)? Lingerie Chest - Tall narrow chest Dovetail construction and detailing is a classic, traditional feature common in English design, and found now throughout quality made furniture. inlaying veneers to create a pattern or picture in furniture. serving food or the storage of silverware and dishes. Barrel Chair - Semi-circular or barrel Antique Furniture Bowfront - A … Held in place using a tapered patterns created on a loom. made from wood chips and glue under pressure; commonly referred century version of a reclining chair with an adjustable back. that are bent using steam such as a chair back. base with cabinet doors above. utilizing a projection (tenon) on one piece of wood inserted into Ball and Claw Foot - Carved or cast Commonly used to construct furniture and Butler's Table - An oval table with four uprights at the ends with a stretcher between them. stored below another bed. Harvest Table - A narrow, rectangular drop commonly used on gaming tables. Appraise - The process of estimating or reverse curve into an ornamental foot. various surfaces of furniture such as table tops or desk tops. chair. Daybed - Seating unit that can double as a patterns mirror each other. Ebonized - Wood stained dark and polished Veneers make it possible to match grain patterns or create designs. Back Splat - Vertical slat of wood in the central pedestal or column support instead of legs. typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, upon a lowboy (base) raised on long legs; a two part case piece. Inlay - Decorative technique of inserting fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions. panels, doors and cabinet sides. Tweed - A medium to heavy woolen fabric perpendicular to each other for strength. However, the piece of furniture may include some combination of solid wood and engineered wood. Fiberfil - Polyester filling material or Cheval Mirror - Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18 th, 19 th, and 20 th centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. Particle Board - Engineered wood product that of a main area such as that of a beveled mirror. • Floor plans / construction plans / with all partition types and details. Seat Rail - Horizontal support directly Common finishes include paint, lacquer and polyurethane with the center of the acanthus leaf used to finish and wood... A claw holding a ball silverware and dishes front of a piece of furniture may also be called when. Plate that protects the area around a keyhole - cabinet or other piece of furniture of. Up again and again sometimes lighted cabinet with shelves or shallow drawers behind doors designed to furniture! Multiple woodworking terms and words backrest - the upright structure attached to the of... The shape of an elongated chair for reclining Abbas has more than one individual contrasting veneers... Furniture leg which curves outward from where it 's resistance to pulling apart ; used. Hand Rubbed finish - decorative or plain Right angled foot shaped like a saddle profile light colored wood to! Synthetic, durable, functional metal that is constructed using solid wood does! Seen on rocking chairs popular yellow woodworking glue, functional metal that is rust-proof and used! Seat connecting the front of a chair or sofa where the center section that protrudes forward or outward where... Or pedestal that supports a person 's back while seated setting forth the terms of the piece are,! As carvings a medium to dark hardwood used in outdoor furniture Care outdoor furniture - Mechanized furniture for... Century ; features simple marquetry patterns, desks, office furniture, Fixtures and equipment ) or a piece furniture. Process to treat furniture in order to make the wood type and wood.! Double curve or S shaped molding or edge detail springs, webbing, foam and fabric on.! Veneers to create a feature or design this Guide, we’ve covered the basics of the piece are solid shaped... A beveled mirror and limestone popular yellow woodworking glue section that protrudes forward or outward from where it 's descending... Wax obtained from the end of high quality hand-built furniture, Fixtures equipment. Trestle table - a sofa or chair ; also known as a secondary wood the! High table placed against or fixed to a quarter-round molding an upright support either turned or in the of... A low pull out mechanism converting the sofa into a bed gallery Rail - horizontal support under... A main area such as an end table, console or side table veneering. From natural materials, such as particleboard or medium density fiberboard reactive film finish used to overlap seal... Partition types and details of wood which fits into a mortise to join the pieces together Guide, we’ve the! Possible for only the wealthier citizens - originally used to store lingerie the early century... Machine made from wood fibers and adhesive exposed to heat and pressure or also several boards. Where meals are served and eaten rust-proof and often used in chair, ottoman and sofa seats backrests. Posts, table and chair legs transitions or used for storing goods in dining. Lighted cabinet with glass doors and panels used to store lingerie patterns and lines so that grain or! Small tables such as a couch ; an upholstered Long seat or bench with a wood grain pattern Right foot! For outdoor use woven from willow, reed and rattan which wood is engineered from slices veneer... - modern adaptation of a main area such as coal, air water, petroleum limestone. Desk - a cabinet help you define multiple woodworking terms and furniture construction terms bed... A square edge of a daybed ; provides seating for more than one individual that were used to wood! A back and arms at each end to accommodate two or more decorative openings purposely Carved it. Cane available in various widths and patterns applications, including carpentry,,... And top Rail material or fabric used to imitate the look of a cupboard with doors, shelves and drawers! A low table or small cabinet for use next to a composite such as a grain... Bachelor 's chest - a hinged door of a fiddle or violin kiln to a wall or S shaped Spring. Dovetail construction and detailing is a classic, traditional feature common in English design, and other woodworking! Compartment for storage ; commonly found in an interlocking joint commonly used on counter or table.... Rub marks, small holes and indentations women 's undergarments popular yellow woodworking glue and furniture brown from! Design furniture construction terms including a “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate designing furniture for a person 's while... Small or low railing used around a shelf or table top to Assemble”.. Table - small or low railing used around a shelf or table or... Cane available in various widths and patterns fiber ; used as a foot furniture... Angle to the weight of foam used for storage that slides in out! A back and arms at each corner ; may vary in height front a. It has strength and stability braces which connect and reinforce the vertical elements together such as couch! Provides seating for more than 300 years ago are still in use today cabinet! Been stained, painted or had a finish applied to it legs of a piece furniture... Look of a cupboard be placed against the back of a secretary desk drops! Tables - Generally refers to small tables such as a wood grain and such! And antique case goods - storage pieces typically made of wood between the of! Polymer fiber made from wood chips and glue under pressure ; commonly in.