27. Criminal Law Basics: The System and Procedure. In criminal or civil proceedings in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the principles previously applied in Hong Kong and the rights previously enjoyed by parties to proceedings shall be maintained. By doing this, it will take care of 80% of everything else. Public servants serving in all government departments of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must be permanent residents of the Region, except where otherwise provided for in Article 101 of this Law regarding public servants of foreign nationalities and except for those below a certain rank as prescribed by law. It was also taught that sloped, composite and reactive armour, would reduce the penetration and would be an important factor when selecting the aiming point. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may employ British and other foreign nationals previously serving in the public service in Hong Kong, or those holding permanent identity cards of the Region, to serve as public servants in government departments at all levels, but only Chinese citizens among permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country may fill the following posts: the Secretaries and Deputy Secretaries of Departments, Directors of Bureaux, Commissioner Against Corruption, Director of Audit, Commissioner of Police, Director of Immigration and Commissioner of Customs and Excise. The head of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the Chief Executive of the Region. A Department of Administration, a Department of Finance, a Department of Justice, and various bureaux, divisions and commissions shall be established in the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions: If the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region considers that a bill passed by the Legislative Council is not compatible with the overall interests of the Region, he or she may return it to the Legislative Council within three months for reconsideration. The Chief Executive may dissolve the Legislative Council only once in each term of his or her office. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall represent the Region. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may, through consultations and in accordance with law, maintain juridical relations with the judicial organs of other parts of the country, and they may render assistance to each other. The structure, powers and functions of the courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region at all levels shall be prescribed by law. Members of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall not be subjected to arrest when attending or on their way to a meeting of the Council. Beijing's offices in Hong Kong declared the primaries to be "illegal" and later to be a "blatant challenge" to the Basic Law and national security law, forcing the organisers to withdraw from further election coordination. If the Chief Executive does not accept a majority opinion of the Executive Council, he or she shall put the specific reasons on record. The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be constituted by election. The Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal and the Chief Judge of the High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country. Bills which do not relate to public expenditure or political structure or the operation of the government may be introduced individually or jointly by members of the Council. The judicial system previously practised in Hong Kong shall be maintained except for those changes consequent upon the establishment of the Court of Final Appeal of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. When he or she, with no valid reason, is absent from meetings for three consecutive months without the consent of the President of the Legislative Council; When he or she loses or renounces his or her status as a permanent resident of the Region; When he or she accepts a government appointment and becomes a public servant; When he or she is bankrupt or fails to comply with a court order to repay debts; When he or she is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for one month or more for a criminal offence committed within or outside the Region and is relieved of his or her duties by a motion passed by two-thirds of the members of the Legislative Council present; and. O-10: For O7-O10 is Limited to Level II of the Executive Schedule During 2020 ($16,441.80). Many large offices source this job out; however, there are occasions when time is of the essence and the documents must be bound in-house. When, after the Legislative Council is dissolved because it refuses to pass a budget or any other important bill, the new Legislative Council still refuses to pass the original bill in dispute. Basic Law Full Text - index.html Printed version: available free of charge at any of the District Offices under the Home Affairs Department PDF version: click here to download HTML version: see below Important Notice. The Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be presided over by the Chief Executive. The ultimate aim is the election of all the members of the Legislative Council by universal suffrage. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall maintain the previous system of appointment and removal of members of the judiciary other than judges. Introduction to Law. The principle, which was derived from the imbalance of land ownership in … The weapon consists of an extendable launch tube with an integrated 9 mm (0.35 in) spotting rifle and 1× sight. In the late 1940s, Dr. Joseph M. Juran—a product quality guru of that era—attributed the 80/20 Rule to Pareto and called it the Pareto Principle or Pareto Law. The President of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions: The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions: Members of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may introduce bills in accordance with the provisions of this Law and legal procedures. #When assuming office, the Chief Executive, principal officials, members of the Executive Council and of the Legislative Council, judges of the courts at all levels and other members of the judiciary in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must, in accordance with law, swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. The rounds it uses are quite unusual, consisting of a 9 mm tracer bullet loaded in a necked up 7.62mm NATO shell casing, with a .22 Hornet blank mounted in the base of the larger case, providing the propellant charge. 1 ... Citizens, pursuant to this Basic Statute and the conditions and provisions prescribe. Planning would be so easy.But that isn’t always the case:The 80/20 rule observes that most things have an unequal distribution. Basic rules No person shall drive a vehicle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard for the actual and potential hazards then existing. See Interpretation of Paragraph 2, Article 53 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (Adopted at the Fifteenth Session of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress on 27 April 2005) (see, Interpretation of Article 104 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (Adopted by the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People’s Congress at its Twenty-fourth Session on 7 November 2016) (see. To get a fuller explanation on the principle, Joel Runyon, over at ‘A blog of Impossible Things’, has an excellent post on the 80… The term of office of members of the Executive Council shall not extend beyond the expiry of the term of office of the Chief Executive who appoints them. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall pay to judges and other members of the judiciary who retire or leave the service in compliance with regulations, including those who have retired or left the service before the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, or to their dependants, all pensions, gratuities, allowances and benefits due to them on terms no less favourable than before, irrespective of their nationality or place of residence. Fundamental rights (German: Grundrechte) are guaranteed in Germany by the Federal Constitution and in some state constitutions.In the Basic Law, most fundamental rights are guaranteed in the first section of the same name (Articles 1 to 19). Do' s and Don’ts Most people would agree that the law governs human behaviour by rules. d by the Law, shall have the right to participate in public affairs. The law determines that the Knesset is the house of representatives of the State of Israel, that its seat is in Jerusalem and that upon election it should include 120 members. The principle of trial by jury previously practised in Hong Kong shall be maintained. Many law office documents require binding before being sent. (a) The Knesset may, pursuant to a vote of 80 of its members, remove the Prime Minister from office. The weapon is then in spotting rifle mode. If the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is dissolved by the Chief Executive in accordance with the provisions of this Law, it must, within three months, be reconstituted by election in accordance with Article 68 of this Law. A judge of court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may only be removed for inability to discharge his or her duties, or for misbehaviour, by the Chief Executive on the recommendation of a tribunal appointed by the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal and consisting of not fewer than three local judges. The warhead is a HEAT shaped charge and could penetrate 700 mm (28 in) of rolled homogeneous armour at 90 degrees, as was taught to soldiers trained on the weapon system in the British Army, Royal Navy (Royal Marines) and RAF Regiment. Content. If the committee considers the evidence sufficient to substantiate such charges, the Council may pass a motion of impeachment by a two-thirds majority of all its members and report it to the Central People's Government for decision; and. However, permanent residents of the Region who are not of Chinese nationality or who have the right of abode in foreign countries may also be elected members of the Legislative Council of the Region, provided that the proportion of such members does not exceed 20 percent of the total membership of the Council. The President of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be a Chinese citizen of not less than 40 years of age, who is a permanent resident of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 20 years. Members of the Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country. In the primaries, traditional parties lost ground in most of the direct constituencies to the localists and radical democrats. Basic Law: the Knesset Passed on February 12, 1958, by the Third Knesset. The specific method for forming the Legislative Council and its procedures for voting on bills and motions are prescribed in Annex II: "Method for the Formation of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Its Voting Procedures". The President of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be elected by and from among the members of the Legislative Council. The Pareto Principle states that 80% of consequences come from 20% of the causes. These foreign nationals shall be employed only in their individual capacities and shall be responsible to the government of the Region. To exercise other powers and functions as prescribed in the rules of procedure of the Legislative Council. Basic Rights. The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall adjudicate cases in accordance with the laws applicable in the Region as prescribed in Article 18 of this Law and may refer to precedents of other common law jurisdictions. A Commission Against Corruption shall be established in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Notes on the Officer Positions. The Michigan Legislature Website is a free service of the Legislative Internet Technology Team in cooperation with the Michigan Legislative Council, the Michigan House of Representatives, and the Michigan Senate. The written consent of the Chief Executive shall be required before bills relating to government policies are introduced. The criminal justice system encompasses the entire criminal process itself -- from investigation and arrest to conviction and sentencing-- and the people who play a role in that process. The method for selecting the Chief Executive shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. ... 63. *In the event that the office of Chief Executive becomes vacant, a new Chief Executive shall be selected within six months in accordance with the provisions of Article 45 of this Law. 1. Taking overall population changes into account, there were 12 firearm-related deaths for every 100,000 people in 2017, a 14% increase from five years earlier. It can also be command detonated from up to 200 m away, or 2 km via a laser optical link. Judges of the courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be appointed by the Chief Executive on the recommendation of an independent commission composed of local judges, persons from the legal profession and eminent persons from other sectors. If the Legislative Council passes the original bill again by not less than a two-thirds majority of all the members, the Chief Executive must sign and promulgate it within one month, or act in accordance with the provisions of Article 50 of this Law. To decide on the agenda, giving priority to government bills for inclusion in the agenda; To call special sessions during the recess; To call emergency sessions on the request of the Chief Executive; and. [Gifts made in contemplation of marriage] on Westlaw FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system . The principal officials of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country and have ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 15 years. Hong Kong's previous system of recruitment, employment, assessment, discipline, training and management for the public service, including special bodies for their appointment, pay and conditions of service, shall be maintained, except for any provisions for privileged treatment of foreign nationals. To be responsible for the implementation of this Law and other laws which, in accordance with this Law, apply in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; To sign bills passed by the Legislative Council and to promulgate laws; To decide on government policies and to issue executive orders; To nominate and to report to the Central People's Government for appointment the following principal officials: Secretaries and Deputy Secretaries of Departments, Directors of Bureaux, Commissioner Against Corruption, Director of Audit, Commissioner of Police, Director of Immigration and Commissioner of Customs and Excise; and to recommend to the Central People's Government the removal of the above-mentioned officials; To appoint or remove judges of the courts at all levels in accordance with legal procedures; To appoint or remove holders of public office in accordance with legal procedures; To implement the directives issued by the Central People's Government in respect of the relevant matters provided for in this Law; To conduct, on behalf of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, external affairs and other affairs as authorized by the Central Authorities; To approve the introduction of motions regarding revenues or expenditure to the Legislative Council; To decide, in the light of security and vital public interests, whether government officials or other personnel in charge of government affairs should testify or give evidence before the Legislative Council or its committees; To pardon persons convicted of criminal offences or commute their penalties; and. 20% of employees are responsible for 80% of the results; 20% of students have grades 80% or higher; And so on…. Judges and other members of the judiciary serving in Hong Kong before the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may all remain in employment and retain their seniority with pay, allowances, benefits and conditions of service no less favourable than before. Keep in mind the 80/20 principle- The 80/20 principle advocates focus on most important 20%, the right areas or activities. The Chief Executive must consult the Executive Council before dissolving the Legislative Council. (The CDC data includes other categories as well, such as unintentional gun deaths and those involving police or other law enforcement agents.) 2. To fire the rocket, the firer moves a charge lever forward with his firing hand thumb. The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be composed of Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise the following powers and functions: The Department of Justice of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall control criminal prosecutions, free from any interference. The quorum for the meeting of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be not less than one half of all its members. Members of the Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be appointed by the Chief Executive from among the principal officials of the executive authorities, members of the Legislative Council and public figures. Basic Law Enforcement Equivalency Academy Syllabus (BLEEA) 80 Hour (Updated June 2020) The High Court shall comprise the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance. Article (5) The system of governance is Sultani. To launch the rocket the firer removes the large protective end caps and extends the rear of the launch tube, opens the sight, and moves the arming lever to "armed". The method for forming the Legislative Council shall be specified in the light of the actual situation in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress. If appropriation of public funds cannot be approved because the Legislative Council has already been dissolved, the Chief Executive may, prior to the election of the new Legislative Council, approve provisional short-term appropriations according to the level of expenditure of the previous fiscal year. It forbids certain ways of behaving, for instance stealing, killing or exceeding speed limits and prescribes others. You can use the Pareto law in business, process management, quality control, medicine and many other areas. To designate officials to sit in on the meetings of the Legislative Council and to speak on behalf of the government. The powers and functions of the district organizations and the method for their formation shall be prescribed by law. It shall function independently and be accountable to the Chief Executive. This note has been designed to develop among learners an insight into various legal processes and practices.This would sensitize the learners to the socioeconomic, political legal, ethical and moral values emerging national and global concerns so as to enable them to become law abiding, responsible citizens and agent of democratic governance. In the case of the appointment or removal of judges of the Court of Final Appeal and the Chief Judge of the High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Chief Executive shall, in addition to following the procedures prescribed in Articles 88 and 89 of this Law, obtain the endorsement of the Legislative Council and report such appointment or removal to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the record. Out of … A Commission of Audit shall be established in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. However, the source law for this section which was in effect in 1949, remained applicable to the Secretaries of the military departments by virtue of section 12(g) of the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. But why does it matter? The committee shall be responsible for carrying out the investigation and reporting its findings to the Council. [6], Type of Rocket-propelled grenade (Anti-tank, disposable), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Light Anti-Armour Weapons: Anti-Everything? The ultimate aim is the selection of the Chief Executive by universal suffrage upon nomination by a broadly representative nominating committee in accordance with democratic procedures. If the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region refuses to sign a bill passed the second time by the Legislative Council, or the Legislative Council refuses to pass a budget or any other important bill introduced by the government, and if consensus still cannot be reached after consultations, the Chief Executive may dissolve the Legislative Council. This declaration shall be put on record. Article 80 The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region at all levels shall be the judiciary of the Region, exercising the judicial power of the Region. The rules of procedure of the Legislative Council shall be made by the Council on its own, provided that they do not contravene this Law. Anyone who is lawfully arrested shall have the right to a fair trial by the judicial organs without delay and shall be presumed innocent until convicted by the judicial organs. The LAW 80 (Light Anti-armour Weapon 80), sometimes erroneously referred to as LAW 94, is a man-portable, disposable anti-tank weapon currently in use by the British Army and a few other militaries. He or she may serve for not more than two consecutive terms. On the basis of the system previously operating in Hong Kong, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may make provisions for local lawyers and lawyers from outside Hong Kong to work and practise in the Region. The key point is that each unit of work (or time) doesn’t contribute the same amount.In a perfect world, every employee would contribute the same amount, every bug would be equally important, every feature would be equally loved by users. He then provided an example of a 50-year-old man who went on a two-week trip to the U.S. and could purchase the basic portion of his insurance for $42. They are subjective public rights with the constitutional rank which bind all institutions and functions of the state. This simply means that the document has thick paper covers attached to front and back and is bound with a plastic binder at the left side. The Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may be investigated only for inability to discharge his or her duties, or for misbehaviour, by a tribunal appointed by the Chief Executive and consisting of not fewer than five local judges and may be removed by the Chief Executive on the recommendation of the tribunal and in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this Law. Think of it this way: Under this rule, 20% of your customers are responsible for 80% of your revenue. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall pay to public servants who retire or who leave the service in compliance with regulations, including those who have retired or who have left the service in compliance with regulations before the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, or to their dependants, all pensions, gratuities, allowances and benefits due to them on terms no less favourable than before, irrespective of their nationality or place of residence. The previous system of establishing advisory bodies by the executive authorities shall be maintained. ", https://web.archive.org/web/20040927085242/http://www.army.mod.uk/equipment/pw/pw_law.htm, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LAW_80&oldid=992626942, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 07:59. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be a Chinese citizen of not less than 40 years of age who is a permanent resident of the Region with no right of abode in any foreign country and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 20 years. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may also employ British and other foreign nationals as advisers to government departments and, when required, may recruit qualified candidates from outside the Region to fill professional and technical posts in government departments. Public servants serving in all Hong Kong government departments, including the police department, before the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, may all remain in employment and retain their seniority with pay, allowances, benefits and conditions of service no less favourable than before. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be selected by election or through consultations held locally and be appointed by the Central People's Government. The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be accountable to the Central People's Government and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in accordance with the provisions of this Law. 591), ... an 80-hour biweekly basic work requirement which is scheduled for less than 10 workdays, and “(B) The courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall exercise judicial power independently, free from any interference. District organizations which are not organs of political power may be established in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, to be consulted by the government of the Region on district administration and other affairs, or to be responsible for providing services in such fields as culture, recreation and environmental sanitation. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must abide by the law and be accountable to the Legislative Council of the Region: it shall implement laws passed by the Council and already in force; it shall present regular policy addresses to the Council; it shall answer questions raised by members of the Council; and it shall obtain approval from the Council for taxation and public expenditure. To conduct external affairs as authorised by the Central People's Government under this Law; To draw up and introduce budgets and final accounts; To draft and introduce bills, motions and subordinate legislation; and. With the assistance or authorization of the Central People's Government, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may make appropriate arrangements with foreign states for reciprocal juridical assistance. Will take care of 80 % of everything else with the constitutional rank which all! 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