A few minutes later, he tripped and ended up on the ground—only to be piled on by dozens of protesters, who took evident delight in beating him. Hong Kong protests: Police use ‘UK-made tear gas’ in violent crackdown on activists. However, the only real game-changing action the U.K. government could take would be to extend the eligibility criteria for British National Overseas (BNO) passports, held by some 3 million Hong Kongers, to include all those born in Hong Kong after 1997 or even go one step further and grant BNO holders the right of abode and right to work in Britain. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of … The events at Orgreave have been described by the historian Tristram Hunt as “[a]lmost medieval in its choreography, it was at various stages a siege, a battle, a chase, a rout and, finally, a brutal example of legalised state violence.” A total of 4,000 police officers—including hundreds mounted on horseback, hastily ordered in by the police commander at Orgreave, Anthony Clement—charged repeatedly at 10,000 striking miners. The law's introduction has coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters. He had a gunshot wound on his head, with a service pistol by his side and a suicide note at the scene. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong, who ordered one of his most senior officers, Director of Operations Richard Quine, to the U.K. to tell them all he knew. 16:25 GMT 10 Aug 2020. Hong Kong’s status as a colony was exploited by the HKPF as a potential testing ground for new strategies that would be deemed too extreme for use in Britain. Hong Kong “Chasing the Dragon” is a Critique of British Corruption in Colonial Hong Kong. Bejing also responded with criticism after Britain announced plans to open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers. Violence erupts at rally after thousands gather at a park to call for greater democratic freedoms in China-ruled city. It was a sad sign of how hated a police force once praised as “Asia’s finest” has become. The moment a police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1. The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former name after the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to People's Republic of China. Yet, despite the appalling scenes of police violence, Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam has repeatedly resisted calls for an independent police inquiry to supersede the toothless and long-maligned Independent Police Complaints Council. Annie Hau-nung Chan Department of Sociology and Social Policy Lingnan University, Hong Kong & Lawrence Ka-ki Ho Department of Social Sciences The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong Correspondence lawrenceho@ied.edu.hk. Hong Kong’s police chief has admitted his officers had sought to arrest wounded demonstrators in hospitals, and acknowledged that only a “minority” had … The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. The law was introduced to quell widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from the United States. Another of those trying to bring about the prosecution is Nathan Law, a young democracy activist who recently fled to London from Hong Kong after China imposed a controversial security law on the territory in June. Lai, 71, was led away in handcuffs and arrested along with six others on suspicion of colluding with foreign forces - one of the new offences under the law - and fraud. An off-duty police officer shot himself in an apparent suicide at Cheung Chau Police Station Tuesday. , updated A white police officer, initially believed to be Dover but subsequently identified as Shave, could be seen directing a subordinate to fire a tear gas cylinder directly at Wu, who was totally unarmed and clearly identified himself as a sitting legislator. More than 200 people were killed, including a radio journalist burnt alive by communist attackers—with some rioters beaten to death by police. It also toppled the firewall between the mainland's Communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong's vaunted independent judiciary. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. In the 1920s and 1930s, Hong Kong's general peace was punctuated by bouts of civil unrestsparked by labour disputes, instability in China and Japanese militarism. By This past weekend, as protesters and riot police fought in the glitzy surroundings of a Hong Kong mall, one officer made the mistake of getting separated from his colleagues as he viciously hit a young protester. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong… Hong Kong police admit that, at one point, they were stretched too thin to respond to the number of moving protests, with hardline activists adopting a "hit-and-run" strategy. Tactics first developed during the 1967 riots were again on full display, most notably in the repeated deployment of dedicated riot squads equipped with short shields and batons. FILE - A police officer displays a warning banner on Oct. 1, 2020, China's National Day, in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. The British police were eager to hear exactly how it had been done—and to reproduce the same tactics against demonstrators in the U.K. He previously worked for a localist political party in Hong Kong, and served as field producer for the conflict journalism outlet Popular Front’s documentary ‘Add Oil’, which followed frontline protestors in Hong Kong in the run up to China’s national day. The focus on drama risks ignoring the hard slog of resistance. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert … He was subsequently certified dead. The police force of Hong Kong has brought many laurels for the country as it is ranked as Asia’s first and world’s second police force which operates with the modern policing system. However brutal the measures, the HKPF’s success in quelling the violence marked the beginning of an era of widespread public support for the force, which was to bask in the warm glow of its newly granted Royal Charter in 1969—awarded for its handling of the riots—and its reputation as Asia’s finest for decades to come. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. Yet beyond the role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. 'The people of Hong Kong have suffered sustained brutality at the hands of the Hong Kong Police Force,' said Luke de Pulford, a member of the human rights group, Hong Kong Watch. Some 14 years earlier, the HKPF had brutally suppressed the worst violence in the city’s history, as pro-communist rioters launched indiscriminate bomb attacks against civilians. A chief inspector in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the police divisions and headquarters. 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020 Brett Williams, another Briton, abandoned his plan in 1977 to join the British army in favour of a career with the Hong Kong police. In this Hong Kong triad movie, it's Chinese v. British—not gangster v. police. Only 45 expatriate officers remain on the 30,000-strong Hong Kong police force. Beijing's new law targets secession, subversion, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces, leading to fears it would be used to silence criticism. The Hong Kong police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces. Hong Kong police threaten to fire live rounds at protesters if they continue to face 'deadly weapons' after officer was shot with an arrow. It is a British rank and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this rank in their police service. But it was also part of a legacy of police brutality, and subsequent violence from protesters, stretching back to the colonial era—and continued by the key role that British officers play in the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF). British army personnel have returned to Hong Kong to drill police officers on ceremonial protocol and practices (AFP Photo/RICHARD A. BROOKS) More Hong Kong (AFP) - Nearly 20 years after Hong Kong was returned to China, the British army is back -- this time to train the city's police force on crucial matters of pomp and ceremony. The training came too late for the race riots—but the techniques were on full display in British police violence against miners during the 1984-1985 strike, most infamously in the Battle of Orgreave. Three prominent Hong Kong … All three were later by Shadow Foreign Affairs Minister Helen Goodman for their callous actions. The willingness of some British members of Parliament, including Goodman, to hold the U.K. government to account on Hong Kong for little to no political gain of their own is a start, as is Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s withdrawal of export licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong. China insists the law is necessary to restore order after last year's mass protests, but critics say it tramples on the freedoms guaranteed to Hong Kong after its handover from Britain in 1997. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. 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